Xerox History Timeline

We at Xerox have been working in the document management industry for over a century. In that time, we've brought you many of the office items you take for granted at work every day. From the first xerographic image that was made in 1938 to our breakthroughs in home and business computing from the 1970s to today, we've been advancing business from day one.


Xerox History Timeline - Xerox PARC Xerox PARC
Our Palo Alto Research Center—known as Xerox PARC—opens in Palo Alto, California, with a world-class team of experts in information and physical sciences, drawn together to create "The Office of the Future"

Xerox History Timeline - Electrostatic Printing Electrostatic Printing
We introduce this breakthrough technology, which transfers images using an electrostatic charge and toner—instead of ink and pressure—and enables the seamless rendering of digital documents onto paper.

Xerox History Timeline - Automatic Duplex Automatic Duplex
We introduce two-sided copying, which reduces paper costs, saves time previously spent reinserting pages, saves paper storage space and lessens the environmental impacts of making and using paper.


Xerox History Timeline - Joseph C. Wilson Joseph C. Wilson
Chairman of the Xerox board Joseph C. Wilson passes away on November 22, leaving a legacy of leadership and innovation created as the company’s president (1946-1966) and chief executive officer (1961-1967).


Xerox History Timeline - Object-Oriented Programming Object-Oriented Programming
Xerox PARC's Smalltalk, the first object-oriented programming language, enables program improvement without rewrites—functionality that revolutionizes software development and subsequent programming systems.


Xerox History Timeline - Alto Personal Computer Alto Personal Computer
Xerox PARC prototypes Alto—the world’s first personal computer—with the first "what-you-see-is-what-you-get" (WYSIWYG) editor, first commercial use of a mouse, graphical user interface (GUI) and bit-mapped display.

Xerox History Timeline - Ethernet Ethernet
An internal memo coins the term "Ethernet" to describe a proposed system of interacting workstations, files and printers, linked via coaxial cable within a local area network, which components can join or leave without disturbing data traffic.

Xerox History Timeline - SuperPaint SuperPaint
Xerox PARC computer scientists Dick Shoup and Alvy Ray Smith record the first video image on the first computer paint system, SuperPaint, paving the way for computer animation and later earning them Emmy and Academy Awards.


Xerox History Timeline - PC Innovations PC Innovations
Xerox PARC terms its cut-and-paste bitmap editor as "WYSIWYG"; demos Bravo, the word-processing program that leads to Microsoft Word; and introduces device-dependent imaging, which enables page description languages like Postscript.

Xerox History Timeline - XRCC XRCC
The Xerox Research Centre of Canada (XRCC)— established as an exploratory chemistry research center for Xerox Corporation—opens in Mississauga, Ontario, soon becoming integral to our worldwide research operations.


Xerox History Timeline - GUI GUI
Xerox PARC debuts the first graphical user interface (GUI), which uses icons, pop-up menus and overlapping windows with simple point-and-click control—an innovation that will dramatically influence PC interface design.

Xerox History Timeline - Brother Dominic "Brother Dominic"
In one of the most effective and awarded ad campaigns in history, fictional monk "Brother Dominic" achieves the monumental task of duplicating sacred manuscripts with the help of Xerox copier systems.


Xerox History Timeline - Our Last 914 Our Last 914
We take the final order for the Xerox 914—the plain paper copier that revolutionized the document copying industry in 1959—and continue field service on the model.


Xerox History Timeline - Xerographic Laser Printing Xerographic Laser Printing
The Xerox 9700—an evolution of Xerox engineer Gary Starkweather's work in the early 1970s to adapt our copier technology by adding a laser beam to it—becomes the industry's first xerographic laser printer.