Safe Services and Products
Safety always has been a cornerstone of our work in product development. Our comprehensive Product Safety Plan details our health and safety requirements, and all Xerox imaging equipment is assessed for conformance to these standards. We evaluate all potential health and safety hazards, including the ways different hazards may interact. Furthermore, we take a conservative position on the potential health risks to our employees and customers, always meeting or exceeding government safety regulations. We have robust processes for tracking regulatory violations and noncompliance with voluntary codes and labels.
Customers are encouraged to review product safety information and understand the environmental profile of our devices. User guides contain information regarding safe use as well as any applicable hazard warnings. Our Product Safety Data Sheets (PSDS) offer environmental, health and safety information for each Xerox device. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) identify hazards associated with specific materials and describe how they can be safely handled, used and stored. Both our SDS and product labeling have been updated to meet the requirements of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) as implemented through regulations in our various markets. Customers can access PSDS and SDS in multiple languages at www.xerox.com/environment.
We have made a long-term commitment to eliminate the use of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic materials throughout our supply chain by applying strict internal standards and tightly managing chemicals in our supply chain. Our supplier requirements periodically are updated as regulations change and new information becomes available. All new product designs refer to these requirements, and suppliers are expected to verify their compliance with them. Learn more at www.xerox.com/environment.
Toxicologists conduct a comprehensive assessment of new materials in our products to ensure conformance with applicable global registration, hazard communication and waste handling and disposal requirements. As a result of our stringent requirements, Xerox toners and printing products are non-carcinogenic and non-mutagenic. In addition, these products do not: cause adverse developmental or reproductive effects; pose a toxicity hazard to humans or aquatic species; cause a permanent adverse impact to the skin, eyes or respiratory system; or have the potential to generate federally regulated hazardous waste. We were the first in our industry to evaluate the health effects of toner and have done so for over 30 years.
Our requirements for minimizing toxic materials govern our product design and materials selection. We have re-engineered or eliminated processes to dramatically reduce the use of toxics and heavy metals and have made substantial progress in eliminating the use of mercury. Mercury-containing lamps that scan images and backlight user displays are being phased out as alternatives become available.
Our safety and supplier processes enable us to meet global regulations governing chemical use. Since 2007, Xerox’s newly launched products have been designed to meet the European Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) requirements in all markets. However, where regulations allow, some products may contain parts with small amounts of RoHS substances in order to avoid premature disposal of existing parts that have usable life. Similar types of legislation continue to be implemented in many other market regions. Through our proactive regulatory tracking process, we expect to be fully compliant with all aspects of these regulations as the provisions become effective and applicable. In 2016, we reported no issues with noncompliance to RoHS.
We consider the ergonomic aspects of our products from both a user and service standpoint to ensure inclusion and operability. Our design teams take into account all points of human interface, including a product’s height, curves and placement of touch screens and paper trays. Customers work directly with the designers in our labs to test and continually improve the usability of new products.
Consistent with the world’s most stringent ecolabels, we design products to control emissions of chemicals and noise. As a result, current products have achieved chemical emission levels that are well below global regulatory requirements — often at or near the detection limit of our measurement equipment — and are considered to have a negligible impact on customers’ work environments. We publish emissions data for all of our products on our PSDS.
Xerox concluded two comprehensive investigations that lasted more than three decades on the health risks of inhaling xerographic toner. These studies included assessments of the health of current employees and the causes of death for people who worked for the company between 1960 and 1982. The analyses demonstrated that the health and mortality patterns of Xerox employees were consistent with a healthy working population and, in fact, our employees had a lower rate of disease (i.e., were healthier) than the general population. In October 2010, the mortality study was published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.